Breaking Down the Barriers of the Generational Divide


Our world has, without a doubt, changed and developed over the years and will continue to do so. Society has progressed in the ways we relate and communicate with each other, largely due to the role that technology has played in it all. Throughout the shift that has happened because of technology, various groups have been defined, such as the Baby Boomers, Millennials, Gen X and Gen Z. Before we dive deeper into this generational divide, let’s take a look at what these groups entail.

Barclays breaks it down like this:

Baby Boomers: Also known as Boomers

  • Born between 1945-1960
  • Attitude Toward Technology: Early information technology adaptors
  • Communication Media: Telephone
  • Communication Preference: Face-to-face ideally, but telephone or email if required

Generation X: Also known as Gen X

  • Born between 1961-1980
  • Attitude Toward Technology: Digital Immigrants
  • Communication Media: Email and text message
  • Communication Preference: Text message or email

Generation Y: Also known as Millennials

  • Born between 1981-1995
  • Attitude Toward Technology: Digital Natives
  • Communication Media: Tablet or smart phone
  • Communication Preference: Online and mobile (text messaging)

Generation Z: Also known as Gen Z/ iGen

  • Born after 1995
  • Attitude Toward Technology: “Technoholics”
  • Communication Media: Handheld Communication Devices
  • Communication Preference: Facetime

After reading and researching more about the “generational gap” in the above categories, I thought long and hard about the negative connotations that can take place with these stereotypes and labels. Yes, each generation has different characteristics, abilities, and developments, but there has to be a common ground between each group.

Melanie Curtin has a valid point when she says: “generational breakdowns are never an exact science; it’s not like a 27-year-old and 42-year-old are so different that they can’t understand one another.”

What stereotypes are hindering us from finding a common ground? What judgments are standing in the way of working towards a better future and society together, despite a generational divide? Recently, a lot of the pre-conceived judgements are towards the Gen Z generation. So as educators, how do we break down the labels and assumptions so that we can start focusing on the positives that our current generation brings to our world and our future? Let’s take a look at two of the big misconceptions about Generation Z and discuss how we, as educators, can encourage this generation to use technology to their full potential.


Misconception: Digital Natives (someone who was raised in a digital, media-saturated world)

Some would call them “Digital Natives” or “Technoholics” because they have grown up with technology all around them, but this can be a dangerous term. “No one is born a native speaker of digital in the same way that no one is born a native speaker of any language”, Alec reminds us. From a teaching perspective, if we just assume that our students know something, it can be detrimental in their learning process. The same goes for technology. If we assume that students all have the same amount of experience and knowledge of technology, then we are not equipping or preparing them to use the tools that they use most often. As I mention in my previous blog post, “each student will have a different level of knowledge when using online tools and social media platforms”. This means that we need to teach everyone not only how to use technology tools in a positive way, but to authentically use technology in order to enrich their lives and the lives of people around them.

In order to do this, we need to teach students about the 4 C’s of the 21st Century skills within our use of technology. The 4’Cs, according to Applied Educational Systems, are:

  • Critical thinking (all about solving problems)
  • Creativity (teaches students to think outside the box)
  • Collaboration (shows students how to work together to achieve a common goal)
  • Communication (lets students learn how to best convey their ideas)

Cultivating a classroom environment around the 4 C’s also gives students the chance to become “knowledge-able” instead of just knowledgable. Michael Wesch says that being “knowledge-able” means, “knowing how to find (information), sort it, analyze it, criticize it.” Leigh makes an important point when she says, “in order for students to be successful in today’s world, they need to know how to think, ask questions, and develop their own understanding of concepts.” Are we, as educators, being proactive with our use of technology in the classroom and giving students the opportunity to learn the crucial skills needed in helping them becoming “knowledge-able”?

If we are willing to meet students where they are at and help them grow to learn the valuable skills and opportunities that technology has, then we will promote a community of online learners who thrive in the digital world. Adam reminds us that “our world is constantly becoming more and more technology driven and we need to be able to equip our students with the skills they will need to navigate that world in a healthy manner.”

Misconception: Narcissistic

Another common misconception about Gen Z is that they are a narcissistic generation- entitled and self-promoting. Sure, they could look that way from the outside with their constant need for likes on social media and long lasting Snap Chat streaks. However, Brooke Lea Foster tells us, “these traits are simply hallmarks of early adulthood—it’s often the first time people are putting themselves out there… overconfidence is how people muscle through the big changes.”

Haven’t you been there?

Haven’t you felt the need for affirmation and reassurance at some point in your life? For Gen Z, it just might look a little different with the involvement of technology and social media. It’s important that we remember that Gen Z is navigating this world through a different lens. We were there too, but just in a different way.

As educators, we need to give students the chance to connect through social media and use it as a positive outlet. We need to teach students how to demonstrate leadership online and prepare them for what they will encounter instead of writing this generation off and calling it hopeless. Once we recognize their potential and positive place in this world, then maybe our society will stop viewing them as narcissistic.

We need to prepare them for our future and give them the skills they need to better their lives online, which is outlined well in the Oxford School District “Portrait of a Graduate”. Teaching them skills so that they can be:

  • Effective Communicators
  • Culturally Aware
  • Ethical
  • Critical Thinkers
  • Creative Thinkers
  • Resilient
  • Personally Responsible
  • Active Citizens

Online and Offline.

Often when people consider Gen Z as narcissistic, they also view them as lacking social skills. Are social skills only deemed proper if they are done offline? I would argue that social skills online are necessary for students to learn in order to be successful in the digital world. According to Christopher Mims, “Gen Z doesn’t distinguish between online and IRL (In Real Life)” anymore. Social skills are not isolated to “face-to-face” conversations. Instead of assuming that students need to put their phones away in order to be “present”, why can’t we teach them how to flourish online when they are posting on social media and communicating with others? Instead of calling this generation “addicted” to their phones, why can’t we see them as needing connection, just like you and me? In a recent presentation, Mary Beth Hertz said that, “teens aren’t addicted to social media, they are addicted to each other.” Just like everyone else, they want to have connection and relationship. Let’s utilize the online tools and platforms that Gen Z uses in order to engage them in positive online connections and relationships.

It is our role as educators to throw off the label of “narcissistic” and “self-absorbed” and encourage students with the opportunities they have online using digital citizenship and the 4 C’s.

How to Move Forward

So is it possible to change our educational system and society in order to engage our current generation and break down the divides with other generations? Yes. Where do we start? In the classroom and in our homes.

As educators and parents, we need to build up our generation and give them confidence in their digital day-to-day lives rather than deem them as unteachable because they are already “digital natives” or that they are “narcissistic.”

Grace Birnstengel states it perfectly in her article called, “Boomer Blaming, Finger Pointing and the Generational Divide”, “Regardless of whether the generational divide is real or a construct, fair or unfair, there are real dangers when generalizing about any cultural subset and assigning ultimate blame.”

Instead of building up walls between each generation to further the generational divide, let’s work together to break down the barriers and find common ground to build a society that thrives, connects, and relates.


6 thoughts on “Breaking Down the Barriers of the Generational Divide

  1. Great post! You really hit on some major points from last class. I’m interested in what you think would be the appropriate times to be “present” and putting devices down? Or, is it okay to be locked into them on a regular basis? Shouldn’t their be a balance as opposed to looking for connections through devices?

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thanks for reading, Adam! Good point about being “present.” I do think that a big part of being a digital citizen involves knowing when to “unplug” like ISTE says in their 5 Digital Competencies: “I prioritize my time and activities online and offline.” However, what I was referring to is how a lot of people assume that students can’t be present unless they are offline. I believe that kids can still be completely present and build relationships while they are online and it’s important to teach them how to cultivate those relationships in a positive way, just like how we would teach them to “face-to-face.” You bring up an important point though, there definitely should be balance. I just don’t think connection and relationships only happen directly offline, if that makes sense. Thanks again!!

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Amanda,

    You are my hero! Your post was so informative and well laid out I was relearning in a new way and increasing my understanding on an entirely different level. Thank you for presenting the info in an even better way I, as a blog rookie, get!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Wow! Thanks for the encouragement, Michala! It took me a long time to sift through information and really think about where I stand with the topic. I learned a lot while I was writing the blog post too. Thanks for reading!


  3. Amanda,

    Very well written and informative post! Wow!

    I appreciate how you broke down the stereotypes and misconceptions of each generation. I also like that you explain that just because someone is from a different generation, doesn’t mean they cannot understand people from different ones as well. I feel every generation goes through the same things, but it simply looks different because the world is a different place than it was even just 10 years ago! This makes me think of chatting with friends on the phone vs chatting with friends on MSN. The point of doing those things is still the same– interacting with others!

    Thanks for sharing your insights!


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